Neck pain causes can come from a myriad of reasons. Perhaps the most common cause of neck pain has a lot to do with carrying around your head all day with a poor posture. Try balancing a 12-pound bowling ball on your fingertips the whole day. If you have cervical misalignment, the seven bones in your neck, the discs, tendons, muscles and nerves can be stressed causing neck pain. In order to compensate for the instability, the neck muscles often tighten, putting additional stress on the delicate structures, which can then interfere with nerve conduction. The result is usually stiff neck pain. Sometimes neck stiffness can lead to extreme pain in the neck when turning it.
Like the other joints in your body, worn joints in your neck experience wear and tear with age, which can cause osteoarthritis in your neck. Neck osteoarthritis can cause pain and stiffness in the neck. Disc disorders can occur as you age, the disc between neck bones function as cushioning disks which become dry and stiff, narrowing the spaces in your spinal column where the nerves come out. Narrowing spaces encroach on nerves and can lead to the numbness and tingling felt in the hands. The discs in your neck also can herniate causing neck pain. If the disc cushion is not centered due to misalignments, the inner gelatinous cartilage material protrudes and impinges on nerves causing sharp or burning pain.
Neck bones can have bony growths that press on your nerves as they exit your spinal cord leading to neck pain radiating to shoulder or hands. Muscle strains from overuse such as too much time spent on the computer often triggers muscle strains. Neck muscles in the back of your neck become fatigued and eventually strained. When you overuse your neck muscles repeatedly, these strained muscles are not as strong and can lead to further misalignments and chronic neck pain can develop.